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Topical Resource Lists

African-American Philanthropy:
A Bibliography and Resource List

In recent years, there has been an increased scholarly focus on African-American philanthropy, and a growing number of African Americans are making large gifts, and are creating foundations and endowments to channel their philanthropy.

This resource list is a selected bibliography of publications regarding African-American philanthropy. It includes Internet links as well as citations to journal articles and books from the Foundation Center's bibliographic database, the Catalog of Nonprofit Literature. Entries with a descriptive abstract were taken from the Foundation Center's Catalog of Nonprofit Literature.

Also included is a list of organizations involved in African-American philanthropy, including Internet links where appropriate. For a complete bibliography on this topic, use Catalog of Nonprofit Literature, entering the subject heading "Black philanthropy" or "Philanthropy—minorities".

Anft, Michael. "Hip-Hop Philanthropy: Street-Smart Altruism". Chronicle of Philanthropy 18 (August 3, 2006): 20-1.
Hip-hop artist Ludacris, whose real name is Christopher Brian Bridges, started the Ludacris Foundation to support arts and education programs for children. The article describes the activities of the foundation, and discusses challenges faced by nonprofits established by rap musicians.

Baugh, L. Lauretta (ed.). Black Philanthropy—From Words to Action: The Proceedings of the Fourth National Conference on Black Philanthropy. Washington, DC: National Center for Black Philanthropy Inc. 2005. 116 p.
Contents include proceedings of the conference, which took place in Atlanta, GA in 2003. Contributors include Steven Brown, Carol Burger, Christopher R. Cloud, Julius Coles, Michael Fox, Robert M. Franklin, Cynthia Hale, John W. Jones, James A. Joseph, Coretta Scott King, Gloria King, Renee Poussaint, and Theresa W. Bennett-Wilkes.

Curan, Catherine. "Hip-hop Humanitarians." Robb Report Worth 15 (April 2006): 57-60, 62, 64.
Describes the philanthropic efforts of hip-hop celebrities, including Def Jam Records co-founder, Russell Simmons. Explains that hip-hop artists can be more effective with their charitable activities when collaborating with mainstream nonprofits and donors.

Franklin, Robert. Why the Black Church? The Case for Partnership Between Black Churches and Organized Philanthropy. Atlanta, GA: Southern Education Foundation. 2005. iv, 16 p.
This report describes a foundation funded project that sought to enhance collaboration and communication between African-American religious institutions and U.S. foundations. The Philanthropy and the Black Church Project spanned nearly 10 years and helped to raise the awareness of African-American churches as resources on which foundations could depend for leadership and community work.

Gasman, Marybeth (ed.); Sedgwick, Katherine V. (ed.) . Uplifting a People: African American Philanthropy and Education. New York, NY: Peter Lang. 2005. ix, 204 p.
Contents include: "Nineteenth-Century Traditions of Benevolence and Education: Toward a Conceptual Framework of Black Philanthropy" by Jayne R. Beilke; "Standing on Their Own: African American Engagements with Educational Philanthropy in Antebellum American" by Jeffrey A. Mullins; "Booker T. Washington: Philanthropy and Aesthetics" by Michael Bieze; "Creating an Image for Black College Fundraising: An Illustrated Examination of the United Negro College Fund's Publicity, 1944-1960" by Marybeth Gasman and Edward M. Epstein; "Thurgood Marshall: A Study of Philanthropy through Racial Uplift" by Noah D. Drezner; "The Links, Incorporated: Advocacy, Education, and Service in the African American Community" by Kijua Sanders-McMurty and Nia Woods Haydel; "A. G. Gaston: A Story of Philosophy, Perseverance, and Philanthropy" by Fred H. Downs; "Not in Vain: The Philanthropic Endeavors of C. Eric Lincoln" by Darryl Holloman; "Howard Thurman: A Life Journey for Service, Religion, and Philanthropy" by Mark Giles; "Quiet Grace, Clothed Spirit: Oseola McCarty and the Benevolence of a Gift" by Marci M. Middleton; and "A Gift of Art: Jacob Lawrence as Philanthropist" by Edward M. Epstein. With bibliographical references and index.

Hunt, Erica. African-American Philanthropy: A Legacy of Giving. New York, NY: Twenty-First Century Foundation, [2003]. 24 p.
A brief history, with timeline, of both organized and individual philanthropy by African Americans.

Lindsey, Kristin R. Racial, Ethnic, and Tribal Philanthropy: A Scan of the Landscape. Washington, DC: Forum of Regional Associations of Grantmakers. 2006. 24 p.
Reports on the activities of over 85 foundations, funds, programs, and initiatives primarily involved with donors in racial, ethnic, and tribal communities. Identifies four broad categories of racial, ethnic, and tribal philanthropy: ethnic foundations and funds, giving circles, philanthropy and donor education, and engagement of donors with high net worth.

Quiroz-Martinez, Julie; Villarosa, Lori; Mackinnon, Anne. Grantmaking with a Racial Equity Lens. New York, NY: Ford Foundation. 2007. 29 p.
The guide discusses why it is important for funders to be aware of race and ethnicity issues as they develop strategies, polices, and practices for effective grantmaking.

Remembering the 5th National Conference on Black Philanthropy: Building a Future Worthy of Our Past [DVD]. Washington, DC: National Center for Black Philanthropy, Inc. 2005.
Contains multimedia materials from the National Conference on Black Philanthropy, which took place in Minneapolis, MN in 2005. Segments describe the achievements of National Center Award winners, including Alphonse Fletcher, Reatha Clark King, Dikembe Mutombo, W. Thomas Phillips, and the Rush Philanthropic Arts Foundation.

Rooney, Patrick; Sherman, Lois (eds.). Exploring Black Philanthropy. New Directions for Philanthropic Fundraising 48 (Summer 2005).
Carson, Emmett D. "Black Philanthropy's Past, Present, and Future." p. 5-12.
Carson provides a concise, selective history of black philanthropy in order to focus on the forces that have impacted it today.

Stephens, Charles R. "Professionalism in Black Philanthropy: We Have a Chance to Get It Right." p. 13-20.
Veteran fundraiser Stephens ponders on the state of the profession for African Americans and contemplates how new leaders will be developed. He recommends that infrastructure organizations be closely involved in fostering and training younger Blacks who are considering this career.

Hall-Russell, Cheryl. "The African American Megachurch: Giving and Receiving." p. 21-30.
The author defines "megachurch" as those institutions with more than 2500 active members. She collected data from more than 40 of them and examined various topics: when growth occurred, why people attend, how philanthropic values are taught, and the types of outreach programs.

Mottino, Felinda; Miller, Eugene D. "Philanthropy Among African American Donors in the New York Metropolitan Region: A Generational Analysis." p. 31-46.
Describes the work of the Donor Research Project conducted at the Center on Philanthropy and Civil Society of City University of New York. The researchers sought to collect information about philanthropic behavior among several minority groups in New York City. This article highlights the data about the 58 African Americans who participated in the survey, and analyzes their donations and community involvement.

Havens, John J.; Schervish, Paul G. "Wealth Transfer Estimates for African American Households." p. 47-55.
Provides several findings from ongoing work by the authors at the Center on Wealth and Philanthropy at Boston College.

Steinberg, Richard; Wilhelm, Mark. "Religious and Secular Giving, by Race and Ethnicity." p. 57-66.
An analysis of giving and volunteering, using variables of race and ethnicity.

Kennedy, Sheila Suess. "Government Shekels and Government shackles Revisited: Questions for Church and State." p. 67-75.
Recommendations for congregations that are considering becoming government contractors for provision of human services.

Copeland-Carson, Jacqueline. "Promoting Diversity in Contemporary Black Philanthropy: Towards a New Conceptual Model." p. 77-87.
In this analysis of black philanthropy, the author differentiates between those Americans who were born in the U.S. and others who were born in other countries but have immigrated here. Up to now, research has primarily focused on the first group, but any examination of the topic should include those from other traditions, she asserts. With bibliographical references.

Osili, Una Okonkwo; Du, Dan. "Immigrant Assimilation and Charitable Giving." p. 89-104.
The authors provide evidence and data about immigrant participation in charitable giving, based on numerous variables, including length of stay.

Stanfield, John H. "Race Philanthropy: Personalities, Institutions, Networks, and Communities." p. 105-12.
The author's personal essay on his work over 30 years.

Burnette, Alice Green. "Hopscotching in the neighborhood." p. 113-22.
Burnette provides advice for fundraising in the black community. With bibliographical references.

Wilhelm, Ian. "Citizen Wynton." Chronicle of Philanthropy 18 (August 3, 2006): 10-1.
Describes how jazz musician, Wynton Marsalis, supported rebuilding efforts in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina.

African-American Philanthropic Organizations

Association of Black Foundation Executives
55 Exchange Place
New York, NY 10005
(646) 230-0306
Fax (212) 747-9320
Dedicated to encouraging increased grantmaking that addresses issues and problems facing African Americans and promoting the number and status of African Americans in philanthropy.

Bay Area Blacks in Philanthropy
P.O. Box 744
San Francisco, CA 94104
(415) 362-4808
A regional, nonprofit membership organization whose mission is to advance the interests of African Americans in philanthropy and address the impact of racial disparity within philanthropic institutions and African American communities in the San Francisco Bay Area.

National Black United Fund, Inc.
40 Clinton Street, 5th Fl.
Newark, NJ 07102
(973) 643-5122
Fax (973) 648-8350
Incorporated in 1972, with the mission of creating, supporting and sustaining African-American social, economic, cultural and educational institutions through the enhancement of African-American philanthropy. Acts as a coordinating and planning body designed to assist local black united funds and other national black organizations with their fundraising efforts. In addition, the National Black United Fund provides management, fundraising, accounting, coordination, direction, advocacy and other forms of technical assistance to its affiliates throughout the U.S.

National Center for Black Philanthropy
1828 L Street, NW, Suite 300
Washington, DC 20036
(202) 530-9770
Fax: (202) 530-9771
Created with the mission of promoting giving and volunteering among African Americans, supporting organizations and institutions involved in black philanthropy, and educating African Americans and others about the importance of philanthropy.

Philanthropic Initiative for Racial Equity (PRE)
1720 N Street NW
Washington, DC 20036
(202) 375-7770
Fax: (202) 375-7771
This multiyear project of the Tides Center was begun to help increase the amount and effectiveness of resources aimed at combating institutional and structural racism through capacity building, education, and meetings of grantmakers and grantseekers.

The Twenty-First Century Foundation
132 West 112th Street, Ground Level
New York, NY 10026
(212) 662-3700
Fax (212) 662-6690
Works to encourage and facilitate giving to institutions and leaders that addresses problems within Afrinca-American communities nationwide.
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