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Practice Matters: The Improving Philanthropy Project

Author Biographies

Susan Nall Bales
Susan Nall Bales is president of FrameWorks Institute and a visiting scholar at Brandeis University's Heller Graduate School for Social Policy and Management. A veteran communications strategist and issues campaigner, she has more than 20 years of experience researching, designing, and implementing campaigns on social issues.

In 1999, Ms. Bales founded the nonprofit FrameWorks Institute, known for its development of "strategic frame analysis," which roots communications practice in the cognitive and social sciences. The Institute is involved in foundation-supported projects on Americans' attitudes toward the environment and global warming, foreign policy, rural America, health care reform in a number of states, and early childhood development.

Before founding FrameWorks, Ms. Bales served for six years as director of strategic communications and children's issues at the Benton Foundation, where she was founding editor of, the largest Web gateway for news and research on children's issues. Ms. Bales also has served as Vice President for Communications at the National Association of Children's Hospitals.

A graduate of the University of California at Los Angeles, she received her Master of Arts degree from Middlebury College. She serves on the board of the Institute for Community Peace and on the National Advisory Board for Child Trends.

Ruth Tebbets Brousseau
Ruth Brousseau is Director of Evaluation and Organizational Learning at The California Wellness Foundation. She has worked in philanthropy for fifteen years, eight at the California Wellness Foundation where she managed a responsive grantmaking program in mental health and the Work and Health priority area, a five-year, $20 million grantmaking program to improve the health of Californians through approaches related to employment.

Prior to joining the Foundation, Ms. Brousseau served for seven years as a Program Executive in community health for the San Francisco Foundation where, in addition to grantmaking responsibilities in health and social services for five Bay Area counties, she managed or co-managed several initiatives, including the Lifeline Initiative for Children and Youth. She had previously served for five years as Executive Director of the Mental Health Association of San Francisco. Ms. Brousseau has been active in many committees and nonprofit organizations in the philanthropic and nonprofit communities. A psychologist by training, she has a particular interest in the professional development of grantmakers.

Ms. Brousseau received her Ph.D. in Psychology and Social Relations from Harvard University. She was a National Science Fellow.

Prudence Brown
Prudence Brown is a Research Fellow at the Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago. Based in New York, her work at Chapin Hall focuses primarily on documentation and evaluation of community change initiatives, the role of philanthropy in community change, and strategic grantmaking. Among the projects she has participated in over the last year are: the development of a Learning Project for the Duke Endowmentís Program for the Rural Carolinas; documentation of a comprehensive faith-based initiative; reviews of several foundationsí grant portfolios in the areas of community capacity building, and children and families; and the development of an executive education program for community foundations. Prior to joining Chapin Hall, she was Deputy Director of the Urban Poverty Program at the Ford Foundation and, before that, Assistant Professor in the School of Social Work at Columbia University in New York, and Director of Edgewood Village Community Services in East Lansing, Michigan. She holds a Bachelorís from the University of Chicago and a Masterís in Social Work and Ph.D. in Social Work and Psychology from the University of Michigan.

Robert Chaskin
Robert Chaskin is a research fellow at the Chapin Hall Center for Children and an associate professor at the School of Social Service Administration at the University of Chicago. His research focuses primarily on the role of community and community-based efforts to improve the lives of children and families. Among other work, he has been principal investigator for the national evaluation of the Ford Foundationís Neighborhood and Family Initiative, for a series of studies on approaches to neighborhood- based governance, and for an exploration of the concept of ďcommunity capacityĒ and how it can be built and measured. In addition to his research and teaching responsibilities, he directs Chapin Hallís International Program for Childrenís Policy Research. He holds a Masterís in anthropology and a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Chicago.

Franklin D. Gilliam, Jr.
Franklin D. Gilliam, Jr. is Associate Vice Chancellor, Community Partnerships at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he also serves as a Professor in the Department of Political Science and Director of the Center for Communications and Community. In addition, he is a nonresident visiting scholar at Brandeis University and was named Mark Hatfield Scholar at Portland State University in 2004.

Most recently, Dr. Gilliam has taught with former Vice President Al Gore at Columbia University, Fisk University, and Middle Tennessee State University. He has served as the Research Director for the California Commission on the Status of African American Males and as Chair of the B.A. and M.A. Programs at the Center for African-American Studies, UCLA. Dr. Gilliam has consulted on a wide range of projects focusing on race and media for groups such as the Aspen Institute, Children Now, Council on Foundations, National Governor's Association, and several foundations.

Dr. Gilliam is the author of Farther to Go: Reading and Cases in African-American Politics and, with Shanto Iyengar, the forthcoming Race, Television News and American Politics: Script-Based Reasoning About Crime and Welfare. Dr. Gilliam serves on the board of the Institute for Community Peace. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree from Drake University and his Ph.D. from the University of Iowa.

Thomas North Gilmore
Thomas North Gilmore, a Vice President and Principal of CFAR and adjunct faculty member at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, specializes in organizational development, design of new initiatives, and systems thinking. He consults with a wide range of corporations and nonprofit organizations, and has written extensively on issues of organization, management, and leadership. He is the author of the highly regarded book Making a Leadership Change: How Organizations Can Handle Leadership Transitions Successfully, as well as articles that have appeared in journals such as the Harvard Business Review, Human Resource Management, and Administrative Science Quarterly. He holds a B.A. from Harvard, and a Masterís in architecture from the University of Pennsylvania.

Ralph Hamilton
Ralph Hamilton is a Senior Research Associate at the Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago. He also co-directs the Centerís Program on Philanthropy and Community Change. Recent projects include: an assessment of the Sandtown-Winchester Neighborhood Transformation Initiative in Baltimore for the Enterprise Foundation; co-authoring ďVoices II: Reflections on Comprehensive Community ChangeĒ for the Aspen Institute; a strategy paper for the Ford Foundationís Sustainable Metropolitan Communities Initiative; a review of the Hewlett Foundationís Neighborhood Improvement Initiative; an analysis of issues in funder collaboration for the Fundersí Network on Smart Growth; and a forthcoming discussion paper on the role of community foundations in community change for the Coalition for Community Foundations for Youth and the Annie E. Casey Foundation. Hamilton is currently working on a guide to funder collaboration for GrantCraft, a project of the Ford Foundation; and an analytic paper on foundation learning for the Casey Foundation. He also serves as senior adviser to the Pathways Mapping Initiative, a web-based effort to provide communities with a broad, deep, and coherent body of information to strengthen efforts to improve communitywide outcomes. Among other past assignments, Hamilton served for six years as Director of Florida Philanthropy for the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Mr. Hamilton serves as a trustee of the Chastain Foundation and chairs the board of Roycemore School.

Larry Hirschhorn
Larry Hirschhorn is a Principal of CFAR, a management consulting firm in Philadelphia. An expert in strategy development, organizational development, and economic analysis, his clients include universities, foundations, law firms, venture capital firms, and consulting firms. He is the author of four books, including The Workplace Within and Reworking Authority: Leading and Following in the Post-Modern Organization, on the psychodynamics of organizations, and his articles have appeared in the Harvard Business Review, Human Relations, and Change. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Elizabeth T. Hubbard
Elizabeth T. Hubbard is an independent consultant who specializes in research on leadership and decision-making in the nonprofit and philanthropic sectors. She has worked extensively with the Nonprofit Effectiveness Project at the Brookings Institution. Previously, she was a program officer with the Public Policy Program at the Pew Charitable Trusts. She has a Master's degree in Public Policy from the University of Minnesota's Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs and B.A. in Political Science from Goucher College.

Robert Hughes
Robert Hughes is Chief Learning Officer at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF). He joined the Foundation in 1989 and has had a number of roles, including Director of Program Research and Program Vice President, before becoming CLO in July 2004. He has been involved in the development and management of programs in substance abuse, insurance coverage, and health policy research.

He came to RWJF after a two-year Pew postdoctoral fellowship at the University of California, San Francisco Institute for Health Policy Studies, and three years on the faculty at the Arizona State University College of Business. He received a Ph.D. in behavioral sciences from the Johns Hopkins University, an M.A. from Ohio State University, and a B.A. from Depauw University.

Barbara Kibbe
Barbara Kibbe is Vice President for Program and Effectiveness at the Skoll Foundation where she is responsible for leading a growing team of professionals who guide the foundation's grantmaking, as well as for designing and implementing a system for measuring the results of grantmaking.

Ms. Kibbe has more than 20 years of experience in the nonprofit sector as a nonprofit executive, grantmaker, and foundation program director. Previously, she was on the staff of the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, where she ultimately served as director of the Organizational Effectiveness and Philanthropy Program. Also, she has been a consultant and served as executive director of Bay Area Lawyers for the Arts (now California Lawyers for the Arts).

Ms. Kibbe is the coauthor of two books: Succeeding with Consultants and Grantmaking Basics. She is a founder of Grantmakers for Effective Organizations (GEO). She received her J.D. degree from Brooklyn Law School.

Paul C. Light
Dr. Paul C. Light is the Paulette Goddard Professor of Public Service at New York University's Wagner School of Public Service. Also the Douglas Dillon Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution and founding director of its Center for Public Service, Dr. Light has served as Brookings' vice president and director of governmental studies. Previously, he was director of the Public Policy Program at the Pew Charitable Trusts and associate dean and professor of public affairs at the University of Minnesota's Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs. He is the author of numerous books and articles on government and nonprofit management, including Pathways to Nonprofit Excellence; Making Nonprofits Work: A Report on the Tides of Nonprofit Management Reform; and Sustaining Innovation: Building Government and Nonprofit Organizations that Innovate Naturally.

Janice Nittoli
Janice Nittoli directs the Human Services Workforce Initiative and manages New York Grants for the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the nationís largest private foundation dedicated to improving outcomes for poor children and their families. Since joining Casey in 1993, Ms. Nittoli has led the Foundationís work in family development and served on the management team for the Foundationís Neighborhood Transformation/Family Development Initiative. Before coming to Casey, she headed the National Center for Health Education, a national nonprofit that designs and disseminates school and community-based health education programs.

Ms. Nittoli served in several capacities in New York City government. She was assistant commissioner in the Department of Health, where she managed New York Cityís correctional health system. Before coming to the Health Department, Ms. Nittoli developed and managed child welfare and social services programs in the Cityís Human Resource Administration and at the Board of Education. In 1984, she staffed a Mayoral Commission to reorganize the delivery of human services in New York City and before that appointment she worked on child welfare issues at the Office of the New York City Council President.

Outside the public sector, Ms. Nittoli has served as president and board chair of High Tide Dance, a modern dance company, and is a board member of University Settlement, a settlement house on Manhattanís Lower East Side, and The Door, a nationally recognized youth services agency in New York City. Prior to returning to New York, she served as president of Southeast Community Organization in her Baltimore neighborhood.

Ms. Nittoli earned her B.A. from Marymount Manhattan College and holds a Masterís in Public and International Affairs from the Woodrow Wilson School of Princeton University.

Harold A. Richman
Harold A. Richman was the founding Director and is currently a Research Fellow at the Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago and the Hermon Dunlap Smith Professor of Social Welfare Policy in the Universityís School of Social Service Administration and College. Mr. Richman has been on the faculty of the University of Chicago since 1967. He served as Dean of the School of Social Service Administration from 1969 to 1978, and he was the founding chairman of the Universityís public policy studies program. He received the Universityís Quantrell Award for Excellence in Teaching in 1990. Mr. Richman has served on boards, commissions, and panels in both the public and private sectors, and he is the author of numerous publications in the field of childrenís policy. He is currently co-chair of the Aspen Institute Roundtable on Comprehensive Community Initiatives, and is on the boards of Michael Reese Health Trust, Chicago, Illinois; After School Matters, Chicago, Illinois; Childrenís Institute, University of Capetown, Capetown, South Africa; Information and Research Center, Amman, Jordan; Brookdale Center on Children and Youth, Jerusalem, Israel; MB Fund, Chicago, Illinois; Benton Foundation, Washington, D.C. He is chairman of the board of the Center for the Study of Social Policy, Washington, DC. Mr. Richman was educated at Harvard University and the University of Chicago, and was a White House Fellow and Special Assistant to the Secretary of Labor from 1965 to 1967.

Nadya K. Shmavonian
Nadya K. Shmavonian is an independent consultant who provides strategic direction and counsel to foundations and nonprofit organizations. She brings extensive foundation management experience to her practice, including 12 years at The Pew Charitable Trusts where she worked as executive vice president, following several years as director of administration and as a program officer in health and human services.

Her consulting practice includes work with foundations and nonprofit organizations in the areas of management consulting and executive coaching, leadership and organizational development, meeting facilitation, strategic planning and evaluation, infrastructure development, human resources management and program design. Before joining the foundation community, she had considerable experience in the health sector as well as international humanitarian relief, both of which she has continued to address during the 16 years she has spent in and around philanthropy. Ms. Shmavonian is a writer and resource for media and philanthropy trade associations on issues related to foundation management and philanthropic trends.

Ms. Shmavonian serves on a number of nonprofit boards including: The Center for Bioethics of the University of Pennsylvania; The Pew Fellowships in International Journalism; Abington Memorial Hospital Foundation; Chestnut Hill College; and the National Philanthropic Trust advisory board. She also has been selected to serve as a member of the International Network on Strategic Philanthropy, an international working group of professionals working in philanthropy supported by the German-based Bertelsmann Foundation.

Ms. Shmavonian holds a B.A. from the University of Chicago, and an M.B.A. in health care management from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.

Peter Loeb Szanton
Peter Szanton, President of Szanton Associates, is a consultant to governments and nonprofit institutions. He is the author of Not Well Advised, co-author of Remaking Foreign Policy: The Organizational Connection (with Graham Allison) and National Service: What Would It Mean? (with Richard Danziger), and editor of Federal Reorganization: What Have We Learned? Also, he has written numerous reports and articles. He has been especially concerned, both as a consultant and as a client of consultants, that advice to decisionmakers be useable.

Mr. Szanton was Associate Director of the White House Office of Management and Budget during the Carter administration, and has served with two presidential commissions on federal organization. As founding president of the New York CityĖRAND Institute, he directed an extensive effort to improve the performance of that cityís municipal agencies.

Mr. Szanton serves on the boards of a number of nonprofit organizations, such as the Center for Policy Studies, Central European University; Partners for Democratic Change; and Eureka Communities. He has chaired the boards of Youth Service America and the National Academy of Public Administration. He holds BA, MA, and LLB degrees from Harvard.

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