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Climate Change - Developing Energy Policy

Developing Energy Policy in the U.S.


“The United States has yet to act decisively [on climate change]. The government has not committed to mandatory emissions reductions or ratified the Kyoto protocol.”
— “Confronting the Challenge,” Environmental Grantmakers Association


Nearly 20% of foundation grants for U.S.-focused climate change programs in 2007 funded policy work


How can we support the development and implementation of climate change policies at the federal level?


Reduce carbon emissions through state and regional policy initiatives that lead to the development of a national regulatory framework

Case Study

Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)
  • Cooperative agreement among 10 Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states
  • Established an emissions trading program and aims to reduce power plant emissions
  • Supported by Pew Charitable Trusts, the Energy Foundation, and Mertz Gilmore Foundation
  • Mertz Gilmore has provided $830,000+ since 2007


  • First mandatory cap-and-trade program
  • Expanded dialogue on carbon credits by moving toward auctioning carbon permits
  • Will reduce carbon emissions from the power sector by 10% by 2018
  • Partners supporting global warming initiatives in other states

Research Sources

Design to Win: Philanthropy's Role in the Fight against Global Warming
California Environmental Associates

Environmental Grantmakers Association

Confronting the Climate Challenge

Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative

Mertz Gilmore Foundation

Climate Change Solutions

The Pew Charitable Trusts

The Energy Foundation

Cap and Trade
v Taxes

Pew Center on Global Climate Change

Who Pays for Climate Policy?: New Estimates of the Household Burden and Economic Impact of a U.S. Cap-and-Trade System
Tax Foundation
Chamberlain, Andrew
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