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Knowledge From the Field

Suspended Education in California

Published: April 2012

Publisher(s): Civil Rights Project

Author(s): Losen, Daniel J.; Jon Gillespie; Tia Martinez

Funder(s): Atlantic Philanthropies, California Endowment

View Report (15 pages; 697KB; PDF)
Spreadsheet Instructions

Area of Focus: Low-Performing Schools


The report and companion spreadsheet analyze data on school suspensions in nearly 500 California school districts, according to race/ethnicity, gender, and disability status. The report highlights research showing suspensions to be ineffective and harmful and calls for implementing evidence-based alternatives.

Key Findings and/or Recommendations

=An estimated 7.1 percent of all students in California were suspended at least once in the 2009-2010 school year.

=Nearly one out of every five African-American students (18 percent), one in nine American-Indian students (11 percent), and one in 14 Latino students (7 percent) in the sample were suspended at least once in 2009-10, compared to one in 17 white students (6 percent) and one in 33 Asian-American students (3 percent).

=Students with disabilities experienced twice the risk for suspension (one in seven students, or 13.4 percent), compared to their non-disabled peers (one in 16 students, or 6.4 percent).

Focus: California

Subjects/Keywords: Disability; Discipline; Gender; Minorities; Public School; Race/Ethnicity; Suspension

+ Successful strategy
= Observation
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