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Knowledge From the Field: Out-of-School Time

Research Highlights

Identify research that can inform your grantmaking using summaries prepared by the Foundation Center.

Better Together: Building Local Systems to Improve Afterschool

Wallace Foundation
Cummins, H.J.
July 2013

Reports on a conference attended by 400 people from 57 U.S. cities to discuss ways to improve access to quality afterschool programming. Focuses on citywide "systems" approaches.


After School in Action: Innovative Afterschool Programs Supporting Middle School Youth

Afterschool Alliance
April 2013

Includes issue briefs on four areas where afterschool programs can make a difference: arts enrichment, parent engagement, underperforming schools, and digital media and learning. Presents in-depth case studies of five innovative programs.

Funder(s): MetLife Foundation


Connected Learning: An Agenda for Research and Design

Connected Learning Research Network
Mizuko Ito, Kris Gutiérrez, Sonia Livingstone, Bill Penual, Jean Rhodes, Katie Salen, Juliet Schor, Julian Sefton-Green, S. Craig Watkins
January 2013

Presents the education approach of "connected learning" as a response to today's changing economy and media ecology. Describes the core values of connected learning and illustrates them through nine case studies.

Funder(s): John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation


Building Citywide Systems for Quality: A Guide and Case Studies for Afterschool Leaders

The Forum for Youth Investment; Wallace Foundation
Yohalem, Nicole; Elizabeth Devaney; Charles Smith; Alicia Wilson-Ahlstrom
October 2012

This guide is intended to help cities strengthen and sustain quality afterschool programs by using an emerging practice known as a quality improvement system (QIS). The guide explains how to start building a QIS or how to further develop existing efforts and features case studies of six communities’ QIS.

Funder(s): Wallace Foundation


After-School Data: What Cities Need to Know

Wallace Foundation
Gill, Jennifer
June 2012

Includes tip sheets on using data to improve accountability, map needs and supply, enhance programs, and strengthen advocacy efforts and data-sharing strategies to better inform city agencies, program providers, intermediary organizations, and others.

Funder(s): Wallace Foundation


Benchmarking 2011: Trends in Education Philanthropy

Grantmakers for Education
December 2011

Based on a survey of GFE members, examines funder characteristics; priorities such as closing the achievement gap; budgets; grantmaking strategies; important emerging trends; and response to public-sector funding cuts.

Funder(s): Target Corporation


Municipal Leadership for Afterschool: Citywide Approaches Spreading Across the Country

National League of Cities; Wallace Foundation
October 2011

Profiles city-led efforts to build out-of-school time systems with citywide networks, strategies, and research-based approaches to enhancing quality and access. Assesses progress on sustainability elements and impact on school attendance and performance.

Funder(s): Wallace Foundation


The Beacon Community Centers Middle School Initiative: Final Report

Policy Studies Associates, Inc.
LaFleur, Jennifer; Mark Low; Rebecca Romash; Christina A. Russell
September 2011

Evaluates a Wallace-supported effort to build up after-school programs for middle school students in New York City's Beacon community centers. Identifies traits that seem to boost the chances of success, including giving youth a say in activities offered.

Funder(s): Wallace Foundation


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Collecting and Using Information to Strengthen Citywide Out-of-School Time Systems

National League of Cities Institute for Youth, Education & Families
August 2011

Looks at the kinds of data U.S. cities are gathering and analyzing in their efforts to build citywide systems that make high-quality after-school programs more available to children, how they collect it, and how they put it to use.

Funder(s): Wallace Foundation


After-School Programs for High School Students: An Evaluation of After School Matters

Northwestern University
Hirsch, Barton J.; Larry V. Hedges; Megan A. Mekinda; JulieAnn Stawicki
June 2011

Evaluates outcomes for teens in Chicago's After School Matters apprenticeship-like program, finding statistically significant benefits on some measures of youth development and reduced problem behaviors but not in job skills or school performance.

Funder(s): Chicago Community Trust, Wallace Foundation, William T. Grant Foundation


Summary of Lessons for the Field From Atlantic Philanthropies' "Out-of-School Time" Initiative

Harvard Family Research Project; Atlantic Philanthropies
June 2011

Outlines impact of and insights from a five-year initiative to support direct service, infrastructure, and advocacy for engaging disadvantaged youth ages 8 to 16 in learning during out-of-school time using an "integrated learning cluster" model.

Funder(s): Atlantic Philanthropies


Making Summer Count: How Summer Programs Can Boost Children's Learning

RAND Corporation
McCombs, Jennifer; Catherine H. Augustine; Susan J. Bodilly; Amanda Brown Cross; Dahlia S. Lichter; Brian McInnis; Heather Lee Schwartz
June 2011

Examines evidence that summer programs can help counter the "summer slide" that disproportionately affects low-income students and contributes to the achievement gap; identifies obstacles to program provision; analyzes costs; and offers recommendations.

Funder(s): Wallace Foundation


Hours of Opportunity: Volumes I, II and III

Wallace Foundation
October 2010

Examines Wallace-supported efforts in five cities to build systems to improve the quality and accessibility of after-school, summer, and other out-of-school time programs. Concludes that the fledgling systems hold some promise. Also describes challenges.

Funder(s): Wallace Foundation


Opportunity in Hard Times: Building Out-of-School Time Learning Systems That Last

Wallace Foundation
April 2009

Highlights lessons and strategies on how cities can build and sustain high-quality OST programming, such as forging closer ties to schools, using new data systems to inform budget choices, and making the recession an opportunity to introduce bold changes.

Funder(s): Wallace Foundation


A Place to Grow and Learn: A Citywide Approach to Building and Sustaining Out-of-School Time Learning Opportunities

Wallace Foundation
February 2008

Drawing on lessons from five cities, offers "action elements" to help cities achieve widespread, sustainable improvements in out-of-school learning opportunities so that many more children benefit.

Funder(s): Wallace Foundation


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Top Funders and Recipients

Top Foundations Funding for Out-of-School/Summer Learning in U.S. Public Elementary/Secondary Education

Top Recipients of Foundation Funding for Out-of-School/Summer Learning in U.S. Public Elementary/Secondary Education

View more top funders and recipients»

Resource Links

IssueLab connects you to annotated research reports, case studies, and more on educational standards. Read more»

Key Statistics

View charts illustrating elementary/secondary education's share of overall foundation giving and how funding within the field breaks down.
View Statistics»

Related Resources


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